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Izibikezelo Ezine Ezibalulekile Zokufaka Okuqhubekayo ngo-2023

Isikhathi: 2023-08-07 Ukushaya: 20

1.Ukuthambekela kokuhlehla kwempahla kuzoqhubeka nokukhula.

Ama-grain box liners, amabhodlela ephepha, ukupakishwa kwe-e-commerce okuvikelayo... Inkambiso enkulu kakhulu "ukwenza iphepha" lokupakishwa kwabathengi. Ngamanye amazwi, amapulasitiki athathelwa indawo yiphepha, ikakhulukazi ngoba abathengi babona iphepha linenzuzo ngokwemibandelaukuvuselelwa kanye nokusetshenziswa kabushauma kuqhathaniswa ne-polyolefins ne-PET.

 

Kuzoba nenani elibalulekile lephepha elitholakalayo ukuze ligaywe kabusha. Ukwehliswa kwezindleko zabathengi kanye nokukhula kwe-e-commerce kuholela ekwenyukeni kokutholakala kwamabhodi wamaphepha, okusiza ukugcina amanani aphansi uma kuqhathaniswa. Ngokusho kukachwepheshe wokugaya kabusha u-Chaz Miller, intengo Yeziqukathi Ezidala Ezenziwe Ngonakalisiwe (i-OCC) e-US Northeast okwamanje ilinganiselwa ku-$37.50 ngethani, uma kuqhathaniswa no-$172.50 ngethani ngonyaka odlule.

 

Kodwa-ke, kuphinde kube nenkinga ebalulekile: izinto eziningi zokupakisha ziyinhlanganisela yephepha nepulasitiki futhi azikwazi ukuphumelela izivivinyo zokuphinda zisetshenziswe. Lokhu kufaka phakathi amabhodlela ephepha anezikhwama zepulasitiki zangaphakathi, inhlanganisela yephepha/ibhokisi lepulasitiki elisetshenziselwa iziqukathi zesiphuzo, ukupakishwa okuguquguqukayo, namabhodlela ewayini athi ayavuthwa.

 

Lezi zixazululo kungenzeka zingaxazululi izinkinga zemvelo kodwa kunalokho zibhekane nombono wabathengi. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, lokhu kungase kuholele endleleni efanayo neziqukathi zepulasitiki, ezithi ziyakwazi ukugaywa kabusha kodwa empeleni azigaywa kabusha. Kubameli bokugaywa kabusha kwamakhemikhali, lokhu kungase kube izindaba ezinhle njengoba bazoba nesikhathi sokulungiselela ukugaywa kabusha kweziqukathi zepulasitiki ezinkulu njengoba imijikelezo iphinda.

2.I-push for compostable package izokwandisa.

Kuze kube manje, angikaze ngizwe ukuthi ukupakishwa kwe-compostable kunendima ebalulekile ngaphandle kwezicelo zesevisi yokudla kanye nezindawo. Izinto okuxoxiwe ngazo kanye nokupakishwa akuzona eziyindilinga ngokwemvelo, azikwazi ukulinganiswa, futhi kungenzeka azibizi.

 

(1) Ubuningi bomquba wasendlini abanele ukushayela ngisho noshintsho oluncane; (2) Ukwenza umquba wasezimbonini kusaqalwa; (3) Izinto zokupakisha nezokudla azihlali zamukelwe yizindawo zezimboni; (4) Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ipulasitiki "yemvelo" noma ipulasitiki yendabuko, ukwenza umquba kuwumsebenzi ongewona oyisiyingi okhiqiza ikakhulukazi amagesi abamba ukushisa nokunye okuncane.

 

Imboni ye-PLA isiqala ukuhlehla ezimangalweni zayo zokuvuthela ezimbonini osekunesikhathi eside ibanjwe futhi ibheke ukubeka le mpahla ukuze igaywe kabusha kanye ne-bio-materials.Izimangalo zama-resin asekelwe ku-bio zingase zibe nengqondo ngempela, kodwa lokho kubikezelwa ekusebenzeni kwayo, ezomnotho, nokusebenza kwemvelo (ngokomjikelezo wokuphila kokukhiqizwa kwegesi ebamba ukushisa) okweqa izilinganiso ezifanayo kwamanye amapulasitiki, ikakhulukazi i-polyethylene ephezulu (HDPE) , i-polypropylene (PP), i-polyethylene terephthalate (PET), futhi kwezinye izimo, ngisho ne-polyethylene ephansi (LDPE).

 

Ucwaningo lwakamuva luthole ukuthi cishe amaphesenti angama-60 amapulasitiki afakwa ekhaya enza umquba awaqhekeki ngokuphelele, okuholela ekungcoleni komhlaba. Ucwaningo luphinde lwathola ukuthi abathengi badidekile mayelana nemiphumela yezicelo ze-compostability: "u-14% wamasampula okupakisha epulasitiki agunyazwe 'njengavundiselwa yizimboni,' kuyilapho ama-46% ayengavundisi. iningi aliphukanga ngokuphelele, okuhlanganisa no-60% wamapulasitiki agunyazwe ngokuthi 'avundile ekhaya'."

3.I-Europe izoqhubeka nokuhola inhlangano yokulwa nokuwasha.

Nakuba zingekho izinhlelo zokuhlola ezithembekile zokuchaza "ukugeza okuluhlaza," lo mqondo uqondwa ngokuvamile njengezinkampani ezibonisa ukuthi zinobungani bemvelo kuyilapho zizama ukufihla ukulimala kwazo kwezenhlalo nezemvelo, konke ukuvikela nokwandisa imakethe noma umthelela wazo. Lokhu kugqugquzele ukukhuphuka kwenhlangano "ephikisana nokuwashwa okuluhlaza".

 

Ngokusho kwe-The Guardian, Ikhomishini YaseYurophu ilwela ukuqinisekisa ukuthi imikhiqizo ethi "isekelwe ku-bio," "i-biodegradable," noma "i-compostable" ihlangabezana nezindinganiso eziphansi. Ukulwisana nokuwashwa okuluhlaza, abathengi bazokwazi ukwazi ukuthi into ithatha isikhathi esingakanani ukuwohloka kwemvelo, ukuthi ingakanani i-biomass eyasetshenziswa ekukhiqizeni kwayo, nokuthi ingabe ikufanele ngempela ukwenza umquba wasekhaya.

4.Ukupakishwa kwesibili kuzoba indawo yokucindezela entsha.

Ukupakisha ngokweqile akuyona nje inkinga e-China; amazwe amaningi abhekene nayo. I-EU ihlose ukubhekana nokupakishwa ngokweqile ngemithethonqubo ehlongozwayo ebeka, kusukela ku-2030, "iyunithi ngayinye yokupakisha kufanele incishiswe ibe yisisindo esincane, ivolumu, kanye nenani lezendlalelo zokupakisha, njengokunciphisa isikhala esingenalutho." Ngokwalezi ziphakamiso, amazwe angamalungu e-EU kumele ehlise imfucuza yokupakishwa komuntu ngamunye ngo-15% uma kuqhathaniswa nowezi-2018 ngowezi-2040.

 

Ukupakishwa kwesibili ngokwesiko kufaka amabhokisi kathayela angaphandle, amafilimu anwebekayo nashwabanisayo, amabhodi amakhona, namabhande. Kodwa kungase futhi kuhlanganise nokupakishwa okuyisisekelo kwangaphandle, okufana namabhokisi eshalofu ezimonyo (njengamafutha okhilimu), izinsiza zezempilo nezobuhle (njengomuthi wokuxubha), kanye nemithi ethengwayo (njenge-aspirin). Kuphakama ukukhathazeka ngokuthi le mithetho ingase iholele ekuhlakazweni kwalawa mabhokisi, okubangele ukuphazamiseka ekuthengisweni nasekuthengiseni izinto.